B.Tech Curriculum: An Overview of the Major Subjects

B.Tech Curriculum: An Overview of the Major Subjects

B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) is typically chosen by those wishing to pursue any specialization falling under the category of Engineering and Technology. It is regarded as one of the best options following 12th grade (science). B. Tech degrees are available in a wide range of disciplines, from the more traditional ones like mechanical engineering, electrical and electronic engineering, and civil engineering to the more contemporary specializations like petroleum engineering, computer science engineering, and mechatronics engineering. If you pursue this degree, you can investigate exciting options in the expanding tech sector and other connected industries.

B.Tech: An Overview

Check out the B. Tech overview below

Course Name: B. Tech

Full-Form: Bachelor of Technology

Level of Study: Undergraduate (UG)

Duration: 4 years

Admission Process: Entrance Test + Merit Based

Eligibility: At least 50%-60% aggregate marks in 10+2 in PCM or PCB from a recognized institute/board

Course Fee: INR 5 lakhs to INR 25 lakhs

Types of Specializations: Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Marine Engineering etc.

Best colleges for B. Tech in Noida follow different eligibility criteria for B. Tech admissions but the basic requirements are the same. The curriculum they follow are approved by AICTE.

The B. Tech syllabus and subjects are geared toward helping students gain knowledge of digital electronics, structural analysis, and information technology. The work options for B. Tech graduates from the best colleges for B. Tech in UP are numerous and include positions as software developers, data analysts, and vehicle engineers in both the commercial and public sectors. Before applying, candidates must be aware of the specifics of the B. Tech syllabus offered by colleges in Noida for B. Tech.

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B. Tech Specializations

Best colleges for B. Tech emphasize practical learning over theoretical studies, which helps students better comprehend how any domain's workflow functions. There are several applications of engineering and technology, and each of them is explored as a distinct, specialized topic. The following is a list of B. Tech programs offered by colleges in Noida for B. Tech:


Other Specializations Include:

  • B. Tech Chemical Engineering
  • B. Tech Safety and Fire Engineering
  • B. Tech IT
  • B. Tech Automobile Engineering
  • B. Tech Aeronautical Engineering
  • B. Tech Medical Electronics
  • B. Tech Applied Electronics and Instrumentation
  • B. Tech Industrial Engineering and Management
  • B. Tech Biotechnology
  • B. Tech Aerospace Engineering
  • B. Tech Marine Engineering
  • B. Tech Biomedical Engineering
  • B. Tech Agricultural Engineering
  • B. Tech Biomedical Instrumentation
  • B. Tech Petroleum Engineering
  • B. Tech Engineering Physics
  • B. Tech Robotics Engineering
  • B. Tech Architecture Engineering
  • B. Tech Mining Engineering
  • B. Tech Food Science and Technology
  • B. Tech Textile Engineering
  • B. Tech Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
  • B. Tech Plastic Engineering
  • B. Tech Petrochemical Engineering
  • B. Tech Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
  • B. Tech Electronics Engineering
  • B. Tech Food Technology
  • B. Tech Information Science Engineering


Admissions to Best Colleges for B.Tech

National entrance tests like JEE Mains are used to determine admission to best colleges for B. Tech in Noida and across the nation. Some states administer their entrance exams, like West Bengal, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, etc.

The full B. Tech Admission process after the 12th grade is described here.

  • Admission Examinations: Students must take the necessary entrance exams after completing their 10+2 requirements. The selection of pupils is ultimately based in large part on these admission tests.
  • Candidates who want to join IIT and NIT once the test results are released must take part in JoSAA (Joint Vacancy Allocation Agency). After the announcement of the results, the counseling begins.
  • Verification of Documents: Following the counseling/orientation and admissions processes, students must submit the necessary paperwork for validation.


B.Tech Syllabus Semester-wise

Eight semesters and four years of study make up the B. Tech syllabus. The B. Tech program's core disciplines' most significant subjects are covered in the course syllabus listed below. Although some institutions have minor variations, most colleges in Noida for B. Tech adhere to the UGC curriculum.

1st Semester

  • Systems in Mechanical Engineering
  • Basic Electrical Engineering / Basic Electronics Engineering
  • Programming and Problem Solving / Engineering Mechanics
  • Engineering Mathematics-I
  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Chemistry


2nd Semester

  • Programming and Problem Solving / Engineering Mechanics
  • Engineering Graphics (Engineering Drawing)
  • Project-Based Learning
  • Physical Education-Exercise and Field Activities
  • Engineering Mathematics-II
  • Engineering Physics/ Engineering Chemistry
  • Basic Electrical Engineering / Basic Electronics Engineering


3rd Semester

  • Building Technology and Architectural Planning
  • Engineering Geology
  • Awareness of civil Engineering Practices / Road Safety Management / Foreign Language
  • Mechanics of structure
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Engineering Mathematics III


4th Semester

  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Project management
  • Project-Based Learning
  • Survey
  • Concrete Technology
  • Structural Analysis


5th Semester

  • Structural Design –I
  • Structural analysis – II
  • Fluid Mechanics – II
  • Hydrology and water resource engineering
  • Infrastructure Engineering and Construction Techniques
  • Electives Lab
  • Dissertation (Minor)- I
  • Industrial Project


6th Semester

  • Foundation Engineering
  • Structural Design – II
  • Environmental Engineering – I
  • Advanced Surveying
  • Project Management and Engineering Economics
  • Internship
  • Dissertation (Minor)- II


7th Semester

  • Environmental Engineering II
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Structural Design and Drawing III
  • Elective – I
  • Elective –II
  • Dissertation (Major)- I


8th Semester

  • Dams and Hydraulic Structures
  • Quantity Surveying, Contracts, and Tenders
  • Elective –III
  • Elective – IV
  • Dissertation (Major)- II
  • Industrial Management


B. Tech Subjects and Electives

The B. Tech disciplines place an emphasis on fundamental engineering concepts along with specific fields of study. Graduates of the best colleges for B. Tech in Noida will learn how to apply engineering concepts to develop technically sound solutions in any specialized field and to boost productivity. Along with the theory-based study, the B. Tech syllabus also includes lab sessions, internships, and project-based learning. Under the choice-based credit system, students can select optional topics based on their interests in the field and career goals. The following is a list of some of the most popular B. Tech electives and laboratory subjects:

B. Tech Laboratory Subjects

  • Power Electronics Lab
  • Engineering Mechanics Lab
  • Programming Lab
  • Basic Electronics Lab
  • Industrial Project
  • Microcontrollers Lab
  • Special Machines Lab
  • Hydraulics Lab
  • Thermodynamics Lab


B. Tech Elective Subjects

  • Cloud Computing
  • Graphic Designing
  • Cyber Security
  • Autonomous Vehicles
  • Material Handling
  • Internet of Things
  • Robotics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Machine Learning


B.Tech Syllabus: Per Specialization

We have expanded on the various B. Tech syllabus depending on the specialization you choose to pursue.

B. Tech Syllabus in Civil Engineering

Being one of the most established names in the list of engineering specialties, civil engineering includes a wide range of multidisciplinary course options that give students the fundamental skills necessary to design and build roads, bridges, tunnels, etc. Here are the main Civil Engineering disciplines covered under this undergraduate degree because the B. Tech syllabus for this well-liked specialization might differ depending on various colleges in Noida for B. Tech.

Engineering Mechanics

Fluid Mechanics

Hydraulics and Hydraulics Mechanic

Engineering Graphics


Cement and Concrete

Electrical Technology

Strength of Materials

Soil Mechanics

Fundamentals of
Computing Lab

Engineering Geology

Numerical Analysis and Statistical Techniques


B. Tech Syllabus for Environmental Engineering

Do you have an interest in learning about how the environment is changing and how technology may help to dramatically advance sustainable living? If so, environmental engineering (B. Tech) is the right bachelor's degree for you. Take a peek at the courses that frequently make up the B. Tech syllabus for Environmental Engineering:

Design of Structures

Ground Water Contamination, and Remediation

Estimation of Environmental Projects

Biochemical Process in Wastewater Treatment

Environmental Instrumentation

Environmental Preventive Health Issues

Environmental Modelling

Material Testing Lab

Human Values and Professional Ethics

Hydrology and Drainage Engineering

Water Supply and Sewage System

Climate Change Assessment and Mitigation Measures


B. Tech Syllabus for Computer Science Engineering

Computer science engineering is a very popular and commonly chosen area of engineering that focuses on the study of computing technology, programming languages, and data science. The main courses you will cover as part of your B. Tech syllabus in computer science engineering are listed below:

Data Structure

Object-Oriented Programming

Digital Communication

Communication Systems

Theory of Computation

Software Engineering

Computer Organization and Architecture Lab

Algorithm Design and Analysis Lab

Industrial Management

Database Management System

Java Programming

Artificial Intelligence and Compiler Design


B. Tech Syllabus for Electrical Engineering

Do you want to know more about how various electrical devices operate? Do you wish to know how they operate, function, and develop? Then you should think about majoring in B. Tech Electrical Engineering, which examines the world of electric equipment and devices, how they are made, how they are built, and what their main parts are. The following table lists the many subjects covered under B. Tech syllabus for Electrical Engineering:

Electrical Machines

Material in Electrical Systems

Electromagnetic Field Theory

Circuits and Systems

Power System


Analog Electrical Systems

Control System

Switching Theory and Logic Design

Data Structures

Electrical Measuring Instruments and Transducers

Signals and Systems


B. Tech Syllabus for Information Technology

If you wish to learn about computer technology, networking, web development, among other things, B. Tech Information Technology is a top choice among engineering professions. Here is a sample of the B. Tech syllabus for IT engineering:

Switching Theory and Logic Design

Theory of Computation

Object-Oriented Programming

Computer Graphics and Multimedia

Microprocessor and Microcontroller

Wireless Communication

Web Engineering Labs

Computer Organization  and Architecture

Cryptographer and Network

Ad hoc and Sensor Network

Advanced Computer Networks

Data Communication and Networks


B. Tech Syllabus for Mechanical and Automation Engineering

The automatic devices and machines we once used have been altered by the digital age. The majority of the items in our environment, including cars, refrigerators, thermostats, speakers, and many more, operate automatically. Want to learn more about the design and operation of these automated systems? Undergraduate students who enroll in the B. Tech Mechanical and Automation Engineering program learn how to design and produce machines and their essential parts. The following topics are covered in the B. Tech syllabus for Mechanical and Automation Engineering:

Thermal Science

Manufacturing Machines

Heat Transfer and IC Engines

Production Technology

Numerical Analysis and Statistical Techniques

Automobile Engineering

Strength Material


Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

Electrical Mechanics

Metal Cutting and Tool Design

Machines Design


B. Tech Syllabus in AI and ML Engineering

The B. Tech Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Course is designed to provide candidates with the technical training they need to work in the rapidly expanding technology industry, particularly in the area of artificial intelligence. The fundamental ideas of computer science, mathematics, and machine learning form the foundation of the entire course.

Major subjects

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Neural networks
  • Pattern recognition
  • Algorithms
  • Machine Learning
  • Language processing
  • Robotics
  • Automata
  • Deep learning
  • Sensors
  • Programming language [Python or C or other languages]
  • Database management and Big data


FAQ for B.Tech Curriculum

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Not at all, no. If a person is truly passionate about engineering, B. tech is one of the easiest courses they may enroll in; if not, they will struggle throughout engineering. The only requirement is that you consistently study the material and comprehend its fundamental ideas. Nobody can prevent you from doing this.


The first year of a B. Tech program consists of about 10 to 15 subjects.


The B. Tech courses with the greatest salaries are given below:

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Automobile Engineering
  • Electronic and Communication engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Biotechnical Engineering
  • Computer Science Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence and machine learning
  • Information technology
  • Internet of Things
  • Data Science



The most sought-after field in engineering is thought to be computer science. Due to its expertise in a variety of sectors, including data science, AI, machine learning, cloud computing, and many more, CSE creates the best job profiles and offers a wide choice of career opportunities.


B. Tech Courses Operating Systems, Computer Networks, Artificial Intelligence, Computer Architecture, Data Structures and Algorithms, Machine Learning, Computer Forensics, Programming in C++, Programming in Java, and more subjects fall under the umbrella of computer science engineering.

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